Diario Judío México - On April 23, 1987, the Anti-Defamation League initiated a unique award to honor rescuers of Jews during the Holocaust era. The award, called Courage to Care,is a plaque with miniature bas-reliefs depicting the backdrop for the rescuersexceptional deeds during the Nazispersecution, deportation and murder of millions of Jews. It is a replica of the plaques which constitute the Holocaust Memorial Wall created by noted sculptor Arbit Blatas, who also created the Holocaust Memorial in Paris and the display in the old ghetto of Venice, Italy. The award is given during specific programs and ceremonies sponsored by the ADL, often occurring several times a year, when possible.

Yad Vashem, the Holoc aust Martyrsand Heroes Remembrance Authority, was established in 1953 to perpetuate the memory of the Jewish world destroyed in the Holocaust.

Since 1962, Yad Vashem conferred the title Righteous Among the Nationson non-Jews who risked their lives to save Jews. A special committee is impaneled to study the evidence gathered from survivors and documents in order to establish the authenticity of each rescue story. To date, over 9,000 men and women have been so honored by Yad Vashem.

In addition to examining its own records, ADL consults with Yad Vashem before conferring the Courage to Care award. The Courage to Care program is sponsored by Eileen Ludwig Greenland.