Dado el interés general les compartimos el estudio realizado por Erin Gallagher experta digital. Se reproduce integro en ingles  para no afectar el contenido


Recopialdo por Facebook. Jefatura de Analisis ,  Correo

Mexican media botnet study

A suspicious group of twitter accounts tweeted a string of repeater tweets overnight on January 4, 2017. I took screenshots of the accounts & tweets and since it’s a small network, did a quick study to examine what the accounts are doing. It appears this network is boosting a few media outlets, mainly Excelsior, known to be a government mouthpiece.

Some of the tweets contained a link to Excelsior and some just had the headline & photo from an Excelsior article:

Update Jan 5, 2017 11:09am est: The link to the original Excelsior article is no longer working. A duplicate of the original article is still online at El ojo cibernético and I translated a screenshot of the original article further down in this blog.

Image: @3r1nG

The small tweetstorm happened in the context of the #gasolinazo protests that are occurring across Mexico over the hike in gas prices. There are road blocks in at least 20 states and protesters have shut down gas stations throughout the country.

Over the past 24 hours, incidents of people stealing fuel and looting supermarkets and gas stations occurred resulting in (as of time of writing) an unknown number of arrests. Netizens on twitter denounced that bots were attempting to discredit the #gasolinazo protests, portraying the protests as violent and encouraging looting.

LoQueSigue noticed some repeater bots and tweeted screenshots:

“Now bots are spreading the looting of another supermarket at Acolman. Who is coordinating and paying for this? They want to discredit #gasolinazo”

A reply to LoQueSigue says, “the photos were taken from the perfect angle… I’d be scared to take them so close” — the photo is 4 people who were detained for looting in Acolman, they’re shown sitting in the back of a police vehicle.

I looked at the accounts that participated in this tweetstorm and found 20 fake twitter accounts, 2 media-related twitter accounts and 2 facebook pages that appear to be working together.

With one exception (Noticias Mexicanas) all of the above twitter accounts are tweeting links to Excelsior.

The 2 facebook pages also seem connected to this network. Noticias al Día posts only links to Excelsior and El ojo cibernético posts links to it’s own website which is laundering Excelsior articles, among others.

All of the “people” accounts seem like they were made from a template.

Their user names follow similar formats (names with underscores in various places), they are “located” in the same cities, they have nearly the same number of followers and follow similar number of accounts, they’ve tweeted similar numbers of tweets (by grouping) and their bios are either nondescript/general or inspirational quotes for example:

@Martin_Fabrega: “Life is the greatest wonder in the world.”

@El_enaTorres: “Smile at life if it doesn’t smile at you.”

@Jes_sTaboada: “Just know how to take advantage of every second”

All accounts except for Ernesto León (@ErnestoLen6) who, according to his bio is a “computer science engineer, geek and fan of the new devices that facilitate our life.”

  • Complete list of twitter handles found at the end of this entry

Next I grabbed screenshots of each tweet (and 2 facebook posts) in this tweetstorm. The timing of the tweets was automated.

All of the tweets and the 2 facebook posts were posted during the same timeframe starting with Noticias Mexicanas at 1:10am. Javier Paredes then tweeted the first of a series of automated tweets at 1:31am which continued every minute or so until 1:49am.

  • Timestamps are eastern standard timezone.

Oddly enough, Excelsior did not share the article about looting in Acolman on its own twitter account or facebook page. I’m not sure it could be called an article, it’s only a headline, a lede and 3 sentences. Here’s the translation of the entire Excelsior article:

Gas station and Aurrera store in Acolman looted

Several people who participated in the acts were detained by the Municipal Police

This Tuesday night several people were arrested for lootings that took place in Mexico State.

The events occurred at a gas station and Aurrera store in the municipality of Acolman.

So far, the number of people detained has not been released.

Screenshot: Excelsior

El ojo cibernético copy pasted the Excelsior article in their “Excelsior” section with some duplicate photos. Neither article is timestamped. There is no author listed on either article which is not unusual for Mexican media. (Mexican media workers are frequently targeted with violence so it’s common to omit authors’ names from news articles.)

The accounts that participated in this small, late-night tweetstorm spreading Excelsior news appear to tweet Excelsior articles 24/7. This network of accounts is likely tweeting official messaging from the Mexican government.

Noticias Mexicanas seemed like an odd account in the grouping of Excelsior twitter bots. It’s an automated news aggregator that tweets links to its own wordpress blog, similar to El ojo cibernético, only Noticias Mexicanas is tweeting links that cite several Mexican news sources instead of just Excelsior — all are media outlets known to toe the government line.

Finally, a weird thing about Noticias Mexicanas that caught my attention; it only follows 3 accounts on twitter — all are large, verified news outlets from Argentina. ¯_(ツ)_/¯

List of all automated accounts that participated in the Excelsior tweetstorm:


In conclusion, this appears to be a network of bots connected to a few Mexican media outlets and is likely boosting official government messaging on social media and possibly also in Google SEO rankings.

For a good summary of the history of Excelsior read: ‘El Excelsior’: The Rise and Fall of a Great Mexican Newspaper

Related: ¿Quién está generando caos y psicosis colectiva en Azcapotzalco y en GAM?

Author’s Note — Jan 5, 2017 1:35 pm est: I really did not expect such a huge response from this blog, 20 accounts is a very small network. This type of activity has been documented in many countries. It’s important to note that this is not just happening with a few media outlets or only in Mexico and it’s difficult to say with certainty who is doing it or why.

I recently published a series of blogs about bots & trolls with the intention to share information and hopefully learn more about this phenomenon. I made separate entries with lists of news articles from Mexico and around the worldfor others to use as resources.

Digital Propaganda
Everything I’ve read and learned about bots, trolls and social media
  • Go to the profile of Erin Gallagher

    Erin Gallagher

    Multimedia artist, writer and translator. Digital news junkie, agitprop collector.

  • Responses
    Conversation between esko and Erin Gallagher.
    This network of accounts is likely tweeting official messaging from the Mexican government.

    Loved the article, but im not big fan of inserting an unproven statement or opinion inside a facts recap. It brings the whole thing down a notch and its just the clickbait phrase just like the ones that are spreading so much misinformation (even if i agree that is more than likely)

    My two cents.

    1 response

    Thank you for that feedback. I really did not expect such a response from this blog. I only documented 20 accounts, so it’s a very small network. This type of activity has been documented in many countries so it’s important to note that this is not just happening with a few media outlets or only in Mexico and it’s difficult to say with certainty who is doing it or why.